If you need to learn more about CPM machines, the experts at medcom group have compiled an article full of the most frequently asked questions we receive. Be sure to check out our full catalog of CPM machines, CPM parts and services, and soft goods and pad kits.

What is a CPM machine?

A Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) machine is a medical device designed to help facilitate a more thorough recovery for joints and ligaments after an injury or surgery. Through electrical and mechanical operation, a CPM machine helps provide limb movement without any musculoskeletal input on behalf of the patient, which therein allows for a passive, pain-relieving recovery method.

What are CPM machines for?

CPM machines are designed to help retain mobility and increase the range of motion for joints that have recently been injured or undergone surgery. After injury or surgery, it can be difficult and even painful for individuals to stand up and move their limbs - this is especially true when a patient is bed-bound in the initial phase of recovery immediately after the injury or procedure. Unfortunately, extensive immobility can lead to stiffness and hinder their recovery or range of motion. Therefore, CPM machines help the rehabilitation of joints by providing passive movement which can help keep the joints lubricated and loose, and they can help prevent the formation of scar tissue.

What are the benefits of a CPM machine?

The benefits of a CPM machine include:

  • reduced swelling
  • increased blood flow
  • reduced pain
  • inhibited formation of scar tissue
  • maintained and increased Range of Motion (ROM)

How do CPM machines work?

CPM machines can be used for a variety of different areas of the body including the ankle, elbow, knee, hand, wrist, hip, and shoulder. Patients gently strap their affected joint into a harness that is connected to a motorized device, then set the CPM machine to the desired range of motion and speed (usually as prescribed by a doctor or healthcare provider). Without any musculoskeletal input on behalf of the patient, the CPM machine will begin operating as designated by the user and for as long or as little as is deemed necessary. All functionality is usually adjusted using a handheld remote control, but this depends on the device and manufacturer of the unit in question.

Can CPM machines treat or cure injuries?

CPM machines cannot cure injuries and are no substitute for other recommended therapies or the natural healing process. They can, however, help treat injuries as well as the side effects from surgery by helping maintain and improve range of motion and prevent stiffness. They can also help reduce swelling and pain, and they contribute by preventing the formation of scar tissue. CPM machines are particularly helpful for individuals who are unable to undertake normal rehabilitation activities.

Are CPM machines scientifically proven?

Yes! There are several studies that support the effectiveness of CPM machines in supporting and improving early recovery outcomes after injury or surgery. Read our detailed insight for more information.

Are CPM machines safe?

CPM machines are generally safe when used in accordance with guidance provided by your doctor or healthcare provider. The American Physical Therapy Association recommends avoiding CPM machines after a total knee replacement, and they can also become a distraction for patients who should be incorporating regular therapeutic methods in addition to CPM machines.

Stop using a CPM machine and call your healthcare provider immediately if:

  • Your arm or leg feels warm, tender, and painful. It may look swollen and red.
  • You have a fever or chills.
  • Your wound is red, swollen, or draining pus.
  • You have more pain than usual when you use the CPM machine.
  • Your stitches come apart.

Do CPM machines hurt?

While using a CPM machine, you may feel some discomfort, but you should not feel any outright pain. If you do, speak with your medcom representative to ensure you have the right settings prescribed for treatment.

Can CPM machines be used at home?

Yes, CPM machines can be used at home or in a healthcare facility.

Do CPM machines require me to lie down or be immobile?

Yes, CPM machines are used while lying in bed or while sitting or lying on another comfortable surface. This means that you will be immobile while using a CPM machine.

Will insurance pay for a CPM machine?

Yes! In many cases, all or a significant amount of the cost is covered by insurance plans. While some insurances don’t cover CPM machines or only cover them for certain diagnosis, they are typically covered, especially for medicare TKA patients.

Contact the Experts

CPM machines are a great way to supplement the early rehabilitation process of a limb affected by injury or surgery. By helping restore range of motion, reduce swelling and pain, and prevent the formation of scar tissue, CPM machines should be seriously considered as part of the recovery process for patients who are bed-bound. If you’re considering a CPM machine for yourself or someone you care for, contact the experts at the medcom group to learn about the best device for you!

The content provided in this blog post is intended solely for informational purposes and does not constitute professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or endorsement by the medcom group®, ltd. Although we strive to keep the information up-to-date and accurate, we cannot guarantee its current validity or applicability to every situations or individuals.

This blog post may discuss matters related to CPM machines, but it should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice. It's crucial to consult with your healthcare provider or a qualified medical professional before starting any new therapies, including CPM machines, or making any changes to your current healthcare regimen.

In no case shall the medcom group®, ltd. be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special or consequential damages, or losses that might occur from the usage of this information. The reader should always perform their own due diligence before making any decisions related to their health. The medcom group®, ltd. disclaims any responsibility for any actions taken based on the contents of this blog post.

By using this blog post, you understand and agree that the use of this information is entirely at your own risk and it is your sole responsibility. Please consult with your healthcare provider for personalized medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health providers with any questions regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this blog.